Challenges of the Transitional Council
The Transitional Council of Sudan, while it has made significant progress in the country, still has much room for progress.
On the one hand, the government has combated several Morality Laws, designed to restrict the rights of women in Sudan, particularly in movement and dress. Likewise, they are beginning to prosecute Omar al-Bashir, although only internally, and only for corruption, rather than the atrocities in Darfur, and it remains unclear whether the government intends to hand Bashir over to the International Criminal Court to face trial for Genocide, War Crimes, and Crimes Against Humanity. Finally, in a recent move, Sudan and the United States have agreed to exchange ambassadors, a critical move for integrating the country into the international community.
However, there are several problems facing the Council. The most egregious is the presence of Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo on the Council. Mr. Dagalo has been a leader of the Rapid Support Forces, a paramilitary group whose members, under Dagalo's command, esponsible for a number of atrocities committed in Darfur, and for the massacre of protesters this year in Khartoum. In order to fully legitimize their government, the Council must ensure that Dagalo is removed from power, and prosecuted for his crimes.
As long as Dagalo is on the Council, the second problem can never be solved peacefully- that of the ongoing violence in Darfur. The RSF is still involved in a number of violent incidents in Darfur, and as long as the organization is allowed to act with relative impunity, peace in Darfur will be impossible.
Finally, the climate in Darfur is set to see a great deal of change in the coming years, which will exacerbate current tensions between herders and farmers in the region, and lead to increased violence. Unless the Council begins active endeavors to bring justice to the region, and ensure that dialogue prevails, rather than violence, the situation in Darfur will spiral out of control.
We have high hopes for Prime Minister Hamdok, and for the transition of Sudan away from dictatorship, and towards democracy. We wish him, and the country of Sudan as a whole, the best, and will continue our work concerning the Bashir case, and ensuring that the people of Darfur receive justice.